Carbon and water footprints indicate the impacts of products and services on the environment. A carbon footprint refers to the climate load of a product or service, that is, the amount of greenhouse gases generated during the life cycle of a product.
The more the product generates climate warming greenhouse gases, the greater its carbon footprint. Carbon footprint is usually expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents, the sum of all greenhouse gases.
Elovena oat flakes is the world's first CO₂ and H₂O labelled food product.
As a European forerunner and first in Finland, Raisio added a carbon footprint label on its product packages. Raisio was also the first food company in the world to add an H₂O label to product packaging, indicating the total water consumption of the product. Footprint calculation has helped Raisio to identify development targets in its production processes.
Your choices make a difference
Plant-based food usually has a small carbon footprint. Eating accounts for about a third of the environmental impact of the Finnish consumption. Plant-based local food is more environmentally friendly so you should increase its share in your diet.
Demand for food will triple globally over the next decades so it really matters what we eat. With population growth, food sufficiency will be a challenge worldwide. The competition for renewable natural resources will continue. With current consumer habits, it is not possible on the planet to sustainably produce the amount of food required by growing demand. So, we are living at the expense of our children's tomorrows and overspending the Earth's resources.
Plant-based food produced at the national level is a key to many global issues in terms of food sufficiency and the ethics and ecology of food production. More attention will also be paid to the energy efficiency of food production. The food chain is in transition and this has both short-term and long-term effects on all the operators in the chain.
Plant-based food has a smaller carbon footprint
Direct comparison between the carbon footprints of meat and salad is not sensible as these foods have very different roles in our nutrition. Plant-based diet, however, has a smaller climate impact. It is also recommended for nutritional purposes.