Your choices make a difference
Plant-based food usually has a small carbon footprint. Eating accounts for about a third of the environmental impact of the Finnish consumption. Plant-based local food is more environmentally friendly so you should increase its share in your diet.
Demand for food will triple globally over the next decades so it really matters what we eat. With population growth, food sufficiency will be a challenge worldwide. The competition for renewable natural resources will continue. With current consumer habits, it is not possible on the planet to sustainably produce the amount of food required by growing demand. So, we are living at the expense of our children's tomorrows and overspending the Earth's resources.
Plant-based food produced at the national level is a key to many global issues in terms of food sufficiency and the ethics and ecology of food production. More attention will also be paid to the energy efficiency of food production. The food chain is in transition and this has both short-term and long-term effects on all the operators in the chain.
In the food chain transition, Finland as a country is likely to strengthen its competitive position. Especially water scarcity is becoming an important factor in the animal-based food chain. A country like Finland with its abundant land and water resources can strengthen its position. In the future, Finland's suitability for meat and dairy production is going to relatively grow.
Plant-based food has a smaller carbon footprint
Direct comparison between the carbon footprints of meat and salad is not sensible as these foods have very different roles in our nutrition. Plant-based diet, however, has a smaller climate impact. It is also recommended for nutritional purposes.